frequently asked questions
We all want to make money while doing good, but to many this seems nearly impossible. We are here to change that. At Corekees we believe investing in a greener world and earning a healthy profit at the same time should be easy!
We are making it possible by planting trees in regions where there aren’t enough anymore. Trees that capture a lot of CO2 from the air. And even better, trees that make money. Yes, we are planting money trees. They aren’t magical, but they are profitable enough that we believe you want to start planting them too.
Through our platform it’s very easy to invest in our trees. Buy some trees for yourself, your family or your business. Do it to become climate neutral or to make a healthy profit. Buy one tree or a whole lot. We don’t mind. Because every tree contributes to a greener world, which is why we are doing this in the first place.
The Corekees Foundation is led by Nick van Heesewijk (Founder & Executive) and Tamar van Heesewijk (Financials/Co-owner). Nick and Tamar are cousins who share a vision but have an opposite skillset. They are supported by a team that consists of a content writer, web developer, online marketing specialist and a designer. Nick studied both Marketing and Information Management in Groningen and worked several years as a Marketing Consultant in Amsterdam. Tamar graduated in Financial Economics (Cum Laude) from the Erasmus University of Rotterdam and worked in Corporate Finance at KPMG for four years.
Corekees would like everyone to benefit from our business. The best way to understand this, is by using the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, which defines 17 segments to make our world sustainable and liveable for everyone. Corkees participates in 9 out of 17 goals:
- (#2: Zero Hunger) Cattle grazing has been a major cause of deforestation in south America. The production of meat is however a necessity to feed an increasing world population. Our silvopasture agriculture methodologies prevent further direct or indirect land use change (ILUC), reverse deforestation effects and secure continuing food production.
- (#7: Affordable and Clean Energy) The crude oil from the trees qualifies as feedstock for Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) or Renewable Diesel. Once refined, the green, renewable diesel is cleaner than fossil and even cleaner than conventional biodiesel.
- (#8: Decent Work and Economic Growth) At the reforestation site in Paraguay, our reforestation partner only uses local employees which are being paid above local minimum wages and provided high-standard facilities to work and live. This is an essential part of the company’s philosophy.
- (#9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) The reforestation site is located at the banks of the River Paraguay; the border between Brazil and Paraguay applying modern agriculture methodologies. Crushing facilities and cattle and loading ports are being developed to transport crude oil on volume river barges and sea vessels to word-wide refineries. Our oil will then be used for sustainable transportation purposes with significant improvements on CO2 emissions.
- (#11: Sustainable Cities and Communities) Cars, trucks and ships can drive on 100% Renewable Diesel and airplanes are certified to use up to 50% of Renewable Diesel blends. The entire process of using the fuels versus the permanent CO2 absorbing of the trees make it beneficiary for our environment. That means that more CO2 is turned into oxygen by our trees than the oil emits in its entire life cycle. So the more you drive/fly on Pongamia diesel, the greener the planet gets!
- (#12 Responsible Consumption and Production) By reforesting and expanding the cattle grazing grounds, natural ways are recreated. Once planted, the trees do not need fertilization or intensive maintenance (like watering). At the same time, the cattle eat from the grass around the trees and the protein that comes from the nuts. The shell from the nuts can be used as fertilizer as well, for instance back on the trees. This method is called “Silvopastoral Agriculture” which means that we use the land for trees and livestock simultaneously.
- (#13: Climate Action) The trees are only planted on land that has not been deforested within the last 10 years. That is why we can speak of effective reforestation or afforestation and no additional deforestation will be incited. The cattle remain on the same land and thus there are no Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) issues. Better yet, because the tree roots put nitrogen into the soils (a natural fertiliser) and provide shade, more cattle can graze on the same land.
- (#15: Life on Land) The native inhabitants of the Paraguay Chaco are directly involved in the tree planting activities through jobs, planting opportunities on their reservations and most importantly the expansion of their apiculture activities.
- (#16: Partnerships for the Goals) The Corekees Foundation only teams up with sustainable, well intentioned parties. Therefore, we choose Investancia as our Premium Partner. Investancia is the sustainability and reforestation oil specialist in Latin America. Furthermore, we work with people and organisations that have similar goals and ambitions such as SHV Energy and GoodFuels.
For the production, planting and maintenance of the trees, we work together with Investancia. Investancia operates the largest tree production and reforestation oil programs in the world. The company is headquartered in the Rotterdam, The Netherlands and has a state-of-the-art tree propagation and research centre (their ‘Estancia’) in Carmelo Peralta, Paraguay; on the river that borders Paraguay and Brazil. More information on investancia.com.
Yes, companies are welcome to participate as well. For bigger volumes (orders over 10,000 trees), you can get in touch with us personally. Want to profit environmentally but not looking for an investment? Contact us for our charity program.
The Corekees Foundation will be visiting the reforestation site regularly and will share visual aids (pictures, drone recordings) regularly. If you are ever nearby, a visit to the reforestation site can be arranged in most cases as well. When over at the site, we can even make a picture of your tree(s)!
We have the right to visit the trees at any time. We would like to share that right with you as bond/tree holder, provided it is practical reality. In the near future, we are going to plan trips to the reforestation site too. Want to visit? Let us know!
No, you don’t. The bonds are tradable, as mentioned in our general terms and conditions. There are no guarantees however; we do have to find a buyer for your bonds. All trades will have to be handled by us so we always know who we have to inform and whom to contact to arrange for payments and bond deliveries.
The duration of all bonds/trees is 20 years. After 20 years the bond is repaid. Corekees pays lease to the land owners. These are almost always local cattle farmers. We pay them lease for the use of their land; the only thing we ask in exchange is that they remove their cattle from the land when the trees are younger than one year. After that, the cattle will not eat or trample the trees. The trees will not be cut, that way, the trees keep on absorbing CO2, even after our 20 years have expired.
trees, oil, the site
The Pongamia Pinnata tree is a tree species that is native to India and Australia, grown around villages for the use of lamp oil for thousands of years. More recently, researchers started selecting specific genetics to commercially grow Pongamia as non-edible oil feedstock with a “meal” by-product that can be used as organic fertilizer or protein feed for cattle. In our reforestation activities, we use selected genetics or ‘elite-trees’ that are used commercially across the world; trees are drought-resistant, there are no known diseases, they do not need fertilizing, root fast and laterally (stability) and are high in yield short after planting for many years. Elite trees result from careful, years-long selection without any genetic modification; researchers just put together the strongest trees with the best skillset, just like nature does.
The Pongamia tree sequesters CO2 from the air, emits nitrogen into the ground as a natural fertiliser, and produces nuts. These nuts come in a moon-shaped shell. The kernel of the nut contain about 40% oil, the “meal” that remains after oil pressing is being used as bio fertiliser or as protein feed in cattle feed, the shells are being used as biomass. As such, the Pongamia tree is one of the highest yielding tree crops in modern agriculture.
Crude oil that comes from the Pongamia nuts is a vegetable oil just like any other (olive, peanut, soy, etc). Where one type of oil is suitable for eating, others are suitable for different uses. The oil that comes from Pongamia trees are very suitable to use as raw material for the production of green, renewable fuels. The refining process used on our oils is called Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO). To get technical: it uses elevated temperatures and pressure to break down larger molecules such as those found in vegetable oils, into shorter hydrocarbon chains used in diesel engines. Renewable diesel is a ‘drop-in fuel’ that can decarbonize the existing diesel engines without any change to existing infrastructures. www.investancia.com
A Pongamia tree has the potential to outlive us easily. Trees live for at least 50 years to more than 100 years. The contracts with clients of Corekees are for a period of 20 years to compensate as much CO2 as possible (in the first years of the trees) and the pods are being harvested at full power. Take a look at the General section as to why.
Our initiatives are not called ‘reforestation programs’ for nothing. All trees we plant will stay in the ground, even after the 20-year periods expire. After that, the local cattle farmer will just let his cattle graze among the trees as he did when the trees belonged to us. We only use land that was potentially deforested more than 10 years ago and that is marginal (=not suited for food crops).
The reforestation sites are located in the province of Alto Paraguay in the north east of the country not far from the Rio Paraguay. This is the river that borders Paraguay and Brazil. The reforestation lands are accessible through dirt-roads in the Chaco or from the Brazil side by boat. The tree propagation and research centre of Investancia also has its own landing strip for small planes. The river is wide enough for volume freight river barges to load our crude oil right on the river-side of the reforestation sites. A couple of meters up-stream, there is a ‘natural roundabout’ (a tiny island) where the ships can turn, load our oil and transport it to refineries all over the world.
Yes, otherwise what is the point? Besides the reforestation-benefits, we also had an external company (MEO Carbon Solutions) calculate the impact of the CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions. The trees absorb CO2 throughout the entire year. Even when you include the transportation and refining of the crude oil and the actual usage as renewable fuel, the overall process still absorbs more CO2 than it emits! Check out our homepage to see how many flight hours you compensate with the trees you are planning to plant.
No, the land is also suitable for other agriculture like (cattle) grazing. These cattle will keep grazing amongst the trees. The land is not suitable to grow (food)crops as the land is marginal. Most of the land we use was deforested decades ago and was either lying waste or used for cattle.
The trees absorb CO2 throughout the year, and quite a lot of it. On average one Pongamia tree compensates 44 kg CO2 per year. On the ‘Invest’-page you can check out how many trees you need to compensate your CO2-emissions of you meat consumption, your car kilometers or flying hours.
The young trees are out-grown in greenhouses on the tree propagation site. These greenhouses have a maximum capacity of trees they can produce a year (currently about half a million trees yearly and soon one million trees per year). Additional greenhouse capacity and additional propagation methodologies are constantly being developed. The tree propagation site is located in an area where marginal land is abundant. If you would like to order a large number of trees (>10,000), please contact us directly.
We expect an average return between 7.8% - 8.5% per year over the 20 years. This percentage is based on the expected amount of nuts the trees generate and a fixed price per kilogram of nuts we have secured within an offtake agreement. Our 'how does it work' page gives you all the information you need in this regard. Do note that the trees need 3 or 4 years to mature before the first harvest.
The trees grow quite fast but we need to give them time to mature and generate a profitable harvest. The first (profitable) harvest is expected in the third or fourth year after your initial investment. By constant monitoring and reporting we will keep you up to date on the progress of your trees.
This is a 20-year bond, starting in the year of purchase of your tree/bond. We lease the land to plant the trees from land owners. This way, there are no capital expenditure for land purchase and thus we lease the land of the local farmers.
We receive Euro’s from you. We convert this into US Dollars via Franx (service from ABN Amro) We pay our reforestation partner in US Dollars. They pay their local bills in either US Dollars or the local currency. We receive the revenues of the nuts in US Dollars. We convert this to Euro’s in order to pay you in Euro’s.
Your bonds are purchased under Dutch law. As they are bonds with redemption and interest, they are part of your capital (tax box 3). In the Netherlands, tax is raised only if your capital exceeds €50.000 (about $59,400). Below that, you’re free of charge and no tax declaration is even necessary. Is your capital amount more than €50.000? Then a cumulative tax applies. Check this link for the percentages per capital. Please reach out to us if you would like some additional info.
Each bond/tree you purchase is part of a batch. Batches are a couple of thousand trees in size. All trees in a batch are harvested and their nuts crushed at the same time. Obviously, we cannot keep track if your tree has produced a few nuts more or less than your neighbours’ tree. Therefore, we pay every tree/bond owner proportionally to the number of trees they own in a particular batch. Batching trees has the benefit that production and pay-outs are averaged out over lots of thousands trees. Every quarter we give our reforestation partner an order with how many trees we would like to be planted.
Each bond equals one average tree from the batch. The trees are mature in the 7th year after planting. That year, we will start paying out redemption on your €20 per tree as well. We will spread the redemption over the rest of the 13 years. The rest of the revenues of the nuts, is variable interest. Up until the 7th year, you will only receive interest from your trees. This will be paid-out when the first harvest is ready (year 3 or 4) and all other years thereafter. From year 7 up to year 20 you will receive repayments + interest. We will deposit the interest and redemption into the bank account you provided us with.
The trees/bonds are tradable. That means you can always sell your tree if you or we find a buyer. We will also help you with the appropriate pricing, depending on the age of your tree at the time of selling. The trading of the trees will always have to be handled by us so we know who we need to pay and inform.
As the trees are a product of nature, there is always a risk that the harvest profits disappoint or something else, for that matter. When that happens, it will affect the repayment and/or interest for that year. The missed redemption-payment will be paid-out evenly over the years your bond has left. If you don’t get paid, neither do we (except for the small fee from the tree price), we are in this together.
The Dutch Authority for the Financial Markets (the ‘AFM’) regulates the Dutch financial markets and protects investors and organisations. For some (financial) offerings, a licence is required. The Corekees Foundation is selling bonds, which are considered (financial) securities according to the Dutch law. There is an exception to the interdiction on this (article 3:5 Dutch Financial Law). Besides, by offering less than €5 million worth of bonds per 12-months, a prospectus is not required either. However, we have compiled an Information Document according to a template from the Dutch Authorities for the Financial Markets and deposited this at the DAFM (=AFM). You can read it for yourself here.
The first year is the crucial period for the development of a healthy tree. The trees are planted in a greenhouse, moved to a shade cloth area after about 3 to 6 months and planted after 6 to 9 months (depending on seasons and weather). This is however up to or our Reforestation Partner; if a tree happens to die this first period, they will replace it. We will get the actual number of trees we order. After the first year, the trees are planted in the ground and do not need any care like watering or fertilizing. Your tree is part of a batch of thousands of trees, from which profits are paid proportionally. So if a few trees happen to die, we will hardly notice the difference in the harvesting profits.
Although carefully composed, our projected interests and redemptions are (partially) based on assumptions. Market demands and economic developments may influence our profits. Read an extensive risk assessment in our Information Document.
We are working with an agricultural product, which means an exact prediction is not possible. Although the Pongamia tree has been extensively researched and developed, the concept of Pongamia and Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) is relatively young. Unforeseen circumstances like frost or a long-lasting period of drought may influence the production negatively. Read all the risks in our Information Document.
Our reforestation partner Investancia has a subsidiary company in Paraguay and has all the necessary governmental permits and licenses. They sell the protein to local farmers and the crude oil to major (international) oil companies. Even in case of political disturbances, we do not expect any influence on our business as we have all the necessary permits and licences with local and federal authorities. Check the Information Document for more.
If tragedy strikes and we are forced to give up on our business, we will transfer the client administration and payments to a professional, independent administration office. They will calculate and pay-out the remaining years on your bond, in exchange for a small fee. Obviously, at that point it will not be possible to buy new trees/bonds anymore.
We reserve the rights to all profits on the trees for twenty years. If Investancia goes out of business or breaches contract, we can partner with a third party to exploit the agricultural maintenance and harvesting. Both on the Brazil as on the Paraguay side, there are plenty of agricultural businesses that could be of assistance in that matter.